Modern gurus and their movements

Studies of multiple gurus/movements:

Books

Book chapters

Articles

Papers and dissertations

Studies arranged by guru/movement:

Art of Living

Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University(BKWSU)

Chinmaya Mission

Divine Life Society (DLS)

International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) / Hare Krishnas

Iyengar Yoga

Kundalini Yoga / Healthy Happy Holy Organisation (3HO)

Mata Amritanandamayi Mission (MAM)

Radhasoami

Ramakrishna Math and Mission

Sathya Sai Organisation

Siddha Yoga

Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centres

Vivekananda (1863-1902)

Vivekananda Kendra

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Studies of multiple gurus/movements:

Books

Aravamudan, Srinivas. 2006. Guru English: South Asian Religion in a Cosmopolitan Language. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Charpentier, Marie-Thérèse. 2010. Indian Female Gurus in Contemporary Hinduism: A Study of Central Aspects and Expressions of Their Religious Leadership. Åbo: Åbo Akademi University Press. Open access.

Copley, Antony (Ed.). 2000. Gurus and Their Followers: New Religious Reform Movements in Colonial India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Copley, Antony (Ed.). 2003. Hinduism in Public and Private: Reform, Hindutva, Gender and Sampraday. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Forsthoefel, Thomas A. & Humes, Cynthia A. (Eds.). 2005. Gurus in America. Albany: State University of New York Press.

McKean, Lise. 1996. Divine Enterprise: Gurus and the Hindu Nationalist Movement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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Book chapters

Altglas, Véronique. 2008. “Indian Gurus and the Quest for Self-Perfection among the Educated Middle-Classes”, in Jörg Stolz (Ed.), Salvation Goods and Religious Markets. Theory and Applications. Bern: Peter Lang, pp.211-234.

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Articles

Altglas, Véronique. 2007. “The Global Diffusion and Westernization of Neo-Hindu Movements: Siddha Yoga and Sivananda Centres”, Religions of South Asia 1(2):217–238. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

Khandelwal, Meena. 2007. “Foreign Swamis at Home in India: Transmigration to the Birthplace of Spirituality”, Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power 14:313-340. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

Lépinasse, P. 2007. “L’Humanitarisme Hindou ou la Dévotion Civil”, Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 2007/1(137):85-106. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

Rudert, Angela. 2010. “Research on Contemporary Indian Gurus: What’s New about New Age Gurus?”, Religion Compass 4(10):629-642. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

Warrier, Maya. 2003. “Guru Choice and Spiritual Seeking in Contemporary India”, International Journal of Hindu Studies 7(1-3):31-54. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

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Papers and dissertations

Altglas, Véronique. 2004. “Les Mouvements Néo-Hindous en Occident: Entre Ambitions Universelles et Affirmation Identitaire”, Conference paper delivered at Séminaire Jeunes Chercheurs,Rouen, 18 November 2004. Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes. Open access.

Hoyez, Anne-Cécile. 2005. “L’Espace-Monde du Yoga: Une Géographie Sociale et Culturelle de la Mondialisation des Paysages Thérapiques”. Ph.D thesis, Department of Geography,University of Rouen. Open access.

Lépinasse, Pascale . 2003. “Perspectives sur la Mobilité Religieuse et le Dynamisme Sectaire Indiens: Profil de Trois Nouveaux Mouvements Religieux Hindous à la Conquête des Classes Moyennes Ascendantes”, Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes, Séminaire Jeunes Chercheurs, 21 Novembre 2003, Poitiers. Open access.

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Studies arranged by guru/movement:

Art of Living

Guru-founder: Ravi Shankar (b. 1956). Organisation founded: Around 1981/1982.

Avdeeff, Alexis. 2004. “Sri Sri Ravi Shankar and the Art of Spreading Awareness over the World”, Journal of Dharma, “Modern Saints of Bhakti Tradition” XXIX(3):321-335. Open access.

Avdeeff, Alexis. 2006. “Rassembler au-delà des Clivages Religieux ? Stratégie et Processus d’Adaptation d’un Nouvel Acteur sur la Scène Religieuse Indienne”, 9èmes Ateliers Jeunes Chercheurs en Sciences Sociales Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam (Kérala) 1 – 5 Mars 2006. Open access.

Avdeeff, Alexis. 2010. “The Art of Living: Un Mouvement Indien au-delà des Clivages Religieux?”, Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions, 2010/1(149)169-187. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

Lépinasse, Pascale . 2003. “Perspectives sur la Mobilité Religieuse et le Dynamisme Sectaire Indiens: Profil de Trois Nouveaux Mouvements Religieux Hindous à la Conquête des Classes Moyennes Ascendantes”, Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes, Séminaire Jeunes Chercheurs, 21 Novembre 2003, Poitiers. Open access.

Shankar, Shirisha. .2005. “The Art of Living – The Marketing of Identity through Nationality and Spirituality”. Thesis submitted to the Graduate Faculty of theLouisianaStateUniversity and Agricultural andMechanicalCollege in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in the Department of Geography and Anthropology. Open access.

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Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University (BKWSU)

Lépinasse, Pascale . 2003. “Perspectives sur la Mobilité Religieuse et le Dynamisme Sectaire Indiens: Profil de Trois Nouveaux Mouvements Religieux Hindous à la Conquête des Classes Moyennes Ascendantes”, Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes, Séminaire Jeunes Chercheurs, 21 Novembre 2003, Poitiers. Open access.

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Chinmaya Mission

Guru-founder: Chinmayānanda (1916-1993). Organisation founded: 1953.

Locklin, Reid & Lauwers, Julia. 2009. “Rewriting the Sacred Geography of Advaita: Swami Chinmayānanda and the Śaṅkara-Dig-Vijaya”, The Journal of Hindu Studies 2009(2):179-208. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

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Divine Life Society (DLS)

Guru-founder: Śivananda (1887-1963). Organisation founded: 1936.

McKean, Lise. 1996. Divine Enterprise: Gurus and the Hindu Nationalist Movement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Strauss, Sarah. 2002. “‘Adapt, Adjust, Accommodate’: The Production of Yoga in a Transnational World”, History and Anthropology 13(3):231-251. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

Strauss, Sarah. 2005. Positioning Yoga: Balancing Acts Across CulturesOxford: Berg.

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International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) / Hare Krishnas

Guru-founder: Prabhupāda (1896-1977). Organisation founded: 1966.

Bryant, Edwin F. & Ekstrand, Maria L. (Eds.) 2004. The Hare Krishna Movement: The Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant. New York: Columbia University Press.

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Iyengar Yoga

Guru-founder: B.K.S. Iyengar (b. 1918).

Hasselle-Newcombe, Suzanne. 2005. “Spirituality and ‘Mystical Religion’ in Contemporary Society: A Case Study of British Practitioners of the Iyengar Method of Yoga”, Journal of Contemporary Religion, 20(3):305–321. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

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Kundalini Yoga / Healthy Happy Holy Organisation (3HO)

Guru-founder: Yogi Bhajan (1929-2004). Organisation founded: 1969.

Lewis, James R. 2010. “Autobiography of a Schism”, Marburg Journal of Religion 15:1-19. Open access.

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Mata Amritanandamayi Mission (MAM)

Guru-founder: Mata Amritanandamayi (b. 1953). Organisation founded: 1981.

Warrier, Maya. 2003. “Processes of Secularisation in Contemporary India: Guru Faith in the Mata Amritanandamayi Mission”, Modern Asian Studies 37(1):213-253. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

Warrier, Maya. 2005. Hindu Selves in the Modern World: Guru Faith in the Mata Amritanandamayi Mission. Abingdon, Oxon & New York: Routledge-Curzon.

Warrier, Maya. 2006. “Modernity and its Imbalances: Constructing Modern Selfhood in the Mata Amritanandamayi Mission”, Religion 36(4):179-195. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

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Radhasoami

Diem-Lane, Andrea. 2008 [1995]. The Guru in America: The Influence of Radhasoami on New Religions. MSAC Philosophy Group, Neural Library Edition. Open access.

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Ramakrishna Math and Mission

Guru-founder: Vivekananda (1863-1902).

Beckerlegge, Gwilym. 2000. The Ramakrishna Mission: The Making of a Modern Hindu Movement. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Beckerlegge, Gwilym. 2006. Swami Vivekananda’s Legacy of Service: A Study of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission. India: Oxford University Press.

Beckerlegge, Gwilym. 2007. “Responding to Conflict: A Test of the Limits of Neo–Vedāntic Social Activism in the Ramakrishna Math and Mission?”, International Journal of Hindu Studies, 11(1):1–25. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

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Sathya Sai Organisation

Guru-founder: Sathya Sai Baba (1926-2011). Organisation founded: 1960s.

Urban, Hugh B. 2003. “An Avatar for our Age: Sathya Sai Baba and the Cultural Contradictions of Late Capitalism”, Religion 33:73-93. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

Weiss, Richard. 2005. “The Global Guru: Sai Baba and the Miracle of the Modern”, New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies 7(2):5-19. Open access.

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Siddha Yoga

Guru-founder: Muktananda (1908-1982). Organisation founded: 1960s.

Altglas, V. 2004. “Les Mouvements Néo-Hindous en Occident: Entre Ambitions Universelles et Affirmation Identitaire”, Conference paper delivered at Séminaire Jeunes Chercheurs, Rouen, 18 November 2004. Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes. Open access.

Altglas, V. 2007. “The Global Diffusion and Westernization of Neo-Hindu Movements: Siddha Yoga and Sivananda Centres”, Religions of South Asia 1(2):217–238. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

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Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centres

Guru-founder: Vishnu-Devananda (1927-1993).

Altglas, V. 2004. “Les Mouvements Néo-Hindous en Occident: Entre Ambitions Universelles et Affirmation Identitaire”, Conference paper delivered at Séminaire Jeunes Chercheurs, Rouen, 18 November 2004. Association Jeunes Etudes Indiennes. Open access.

Altglas, V. 2007. “The Global Diffusion and Westernization of Neo-Hindu Movements: Siddha Yoga and Sivananda Centres”, Religions of South Asia 1(2):217–238. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

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Vivekananda (1863-1902)

Also see Ramakrishna Math and Mission.

Beckerlegge, Gwilym. 2003. “Saffron and Seva: The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh’s Appropriation of Swami Vivekananda”, in Antony Copley (Ed.) Hinduism in Public and Private: Reform, Hindutva, Gender and Sampraday. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 31–65.

Beckerlegge, Gwilym. 2004. “The Early Spread of Vedanta Societies: An Example of ‘Imported Localism’”, Numen: International Review for the History of Religions 51(3):296–320. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

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Vivekananda Kendra

Beckerlegge, Gwilym. 2010. “‘An Ordinary Organisation Run by Ordinary People’: A Study of Leadership in Vivekananda Kendra”, Contemporary South Asia 18(1):71–88. Abstract only; full-text paid access.

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